I T A L Y  
  • Total Population is 58.462.375 (June 28th, 2005)
  • Population living rural regions is 45% of the total population.
  • Rome 2.710.300
  • Milan 2.001.500
  • Naples 1.480.000
  • Turin 1.390.800
  • Geneva 885.550
  • Florence (Frenze) 610.900
  • Venice (Venezia) 393.400
  • Bologna 491.700
  • Palermo 895.450
  • Cagliari 292.000
    Peninsula of Italy in the shape of a boot is 1210 km long from the Alps to Sicily and between 170 and 240 km wide. Total area of the country is approximately 300.000 km2.
    Italy is surrounded by approximately 7400 km of the coast line of Ligurian Sea, Tyrrhenian (Tirreno) Sea, Ionian Sea and Adriatic Sea on the east, west and south. Its land neighbors are France, Switzerland and Austria with the Alps on the North. Apennine Mountains lay from the Alps on the north to Sicily Island on the south. Sardinia is another big island of Italy and is located on the west of country.
    Italy is a republic consisted of 20 regions. Those regions from north to south are Valle d'Aosta, Piemonte, Lombardia, Liguria, Veneto, Trentino-Alto Adige, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Emilia-Romagna, Toscana, Marche, Umbria, Lazio, Abruzzo, Molise, Campania, Apulia, Calabria, Basilicata, Sicilia (Sicily), Sardenia (Sardinia); and there are totally 109 cities and towns in Italy.  
Each region is different from each other and each one of them has its own local government, some of which has a special status and a specific “autonomy”. Hilltops and lakes on the north, pretty wide and fertile Po delta, Toscana and Umbria regions with round hills, Abruzzo region with sheer slope mountains, extremely beautiful and long Gulf of Naples, Sicily with orange production, Sardinia with forested mountains and long, sunny, sandy, pebble and rocky coasts every where in Italy form the geography of Italy covering 10 degrees of latitude.
Although 40% of its area consists of mountains and its plains are mostly extremely wet or dry, Italy is one of the most important agricultural product producers of Western Europe. Intense trials and long years of breeding, drying and irrigation works made this possible. Its rather wide range of products includes cereals, rice, animal feed and fruits from the north.
Vine yards are available in almost every where. Olive trees are abundant in hill regions of middle and south Italy as well as citrus fruits especially in the sunny south. All kinds of cucumber and vegetables can be raised in almost every where in the country in every season of the year.
     Italy showed a rapid progress economically after World War II and proved itself among industrialized countries. Although industry is intense in Milan, Geneva and Turin on the north, there are also important centers in Toscana, Emilia Romagna and middle and southern Italy. Italy is the first in Europe in terms of hydroelectric use and its most important industries are steel, mechanical engineering, chemicals, rubber, textile, glass and oil industry Italy is world famous with a very beautiful and pure Carrara marble in Toscana region.
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