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           A D R CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS 

         Most preferred transportation unit for the carriage of dangerous goods is land transport not only in our country but throughout the world. There is a vehicle carrying dangerous goods per every 235 people in Turkey.
Every day we watch on TV ten thousands of vehicles carrying dangerous goods terrorize the roads like a potential suicide bomber. Vehicles carrying dangerous goods cause tens of deaths and millions of dollars of damage on our land routes due to insufficient equipment and untrained drivers.
         In order to eliminate such defects, the Ministry of Transportation issued an agreement on the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road of the European Convention as stipulating international standards in the carriage of dangerous goods by road. 
         ADR agreement is adopted by the countries including Azerbaijan, Belgium, Germany, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, Morocco, Finland, France, Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, Kazakhstan, Croatia, Latvia, Lichtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Macedonia, Moldova, Norway, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Slovak Republic, Spain, Czech Republic, Hungary, England, Belarus, Ukraine and Cyprus. This law includes not only the relocation of goods during transportation but also the receipt and delivery of goods, specific stops during transportation, packaging of goods and unpacking, even if they are not unloaded and loaded by the carrier. 


What is a Dangerous Good?
Materials that may harm the population and environment and most importantly to the human health and life, the environment, animals and every object and living having vital importance, due to their structure, contents or their state are defined as Dangerous Goods.

Dangerous goods are classified as follows:
Class 1        : Explosives
Class 2        : Gases
Class 3        : Flammable liquids
Class 4.1     : flammable solids, self-reactive substances and desensitized explosives
Class 4.2     : substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Class 4.3     : substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases
Class 5.1     : oxidizing substances

Class 5.2     : organic peroxides
Class 6.1     : toxic substances
Class 6.2     : infectious substances
Class 7        : Radioactive material
Class 8        : Corrosive substances
Class 9        : Miscellaneous dangerous substances
 

    Packaging and classification codes are determined in accordance with the classes of danger; and such coding principles are considered in warning signs and documents.
     In addition to the documents made available as required by other laws, following documents must also be made available and presented when requested by officials.

  • Waybill
  • Written instructions
  • ADR License
  • Identity card bearing photograph of holder, for each driver
  • Container loading certificate for large container as preliminary to seaway
  • Exception permit
  • Copy of ADR exception agreement
  • Special traffic permit
  • Transport permit as required by other laws
  • Route certificate
Each transport unit carrying dangerous goods must make the following equipment available:
  • At least one mounting
  • 2 self standing warning sign
  • Suitable warning vests for each driver
  • Hand lamp for each driver, without metal surface and of a not sparkling type
  • Fire extinguisher
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